Development

Learn how to support your baby as they grow and develop through milestones, including gross motor and fine motor development as well as communication skills.

Filter by: Communication, Crawling, Fine and Gross Motor, Orientation and Mobility

a yellow lab puppy

Orientation and Mobility, Visual Impairment

Southeastern Guide Dogs

Southeastern Guide Dogs places skilled companion dogs with children with vision loss and guide dogs with teens as young as fifteen.

baby boy crawling toward a plush ball

Crawling, Product Reviews

Best Crawling Toys for Babies in 2023

The best crawling toys for babies not only serve as encouragement for crawling, but also provide entertainment and opportunities for exploration.

Baby crawling on carpet.

Crawling

How To Encourage Crawling: 10 Creative Tips for Your Baby

Tummy time is one of the greatest forms of encouragement you can give to your baby as she learns how to crawl. Now learn what the other nine are.

little girl doing sign language

Communication, Potty Training

How to Use Sign Language for Potty Training

Sign language can be helpful for potty training young children who are pre-verbal, kids with special needs, or for multilingual families.

Developmental Journals

Development

Developmental Journal for Young Children with Disabilities

The United Kingdom's Department for Children, Schools and Families provides templates for monitoring educational protocols and developmental goals.

DIY toys

Fine and Gross Motor, Toys

6 DIY Toys to Encourage Fine Motor Development

I talked to an OT about some of the home-made toys she creates for her students to help them learn fine motor skills. Here are six of my favorites!

baby splashing

Development, Visual Impairment

Helping Your Blind Baby Develop Through Play

As the parent of a visually impaired child, I'm sure you worry about your baby's development, both physically and cognitively. How can you be sure that you're doing all that...

a prototype of the learning blanket with six panels

Fine and Gross Motor, Sensory Activities

The Learning Blanket: Tactile Activity Blankets & Pillows for Visually Impaired Kids

The Learning Blanket creates interactive blankets and pillows for kids who are blind, each containing visual, sensory, tactile and educational activities.

crawling baby

Crawling, Visual Impairment

Crawling & Climbing for Blind Babies

Crawling and climbing are two very important developmental milestones for babies and children who are blind. Some babies may skip these steps or reach them later than their typically developing...

Water Bottle Peg Board

Fine and Gross Motor

Recycling OT Videos

Barbara Smith shares videos with ideas for making interesting games and toys out of basic materials that will encourage fine motor skills.

boy kissing his hand

Communication, Visual Impairment

Teaching Your Visually Impaired Child Sign Language

Jennie writes about how she taught her son, Max, to sign. Max is totally blind and does have a few verbal words, but using signs to augment his early communication...

blind child listening

Communication, Visual Impairment

Helping your blind child develop effective listening skills

Learning to listen carefully and distinguish between different sounds is an important skill for any child, but espeically for children with visual impairments. Lesley Potgieter explains how to assess your...

Ivan and his switch

Assistive Technology, Communication

Switch Play: Using a switch for communication and play!

For children who are non-verbal or have low motor coordination, switches can be a great way to augment their play. If you're just getting started with a switch you may...

Ivan talking

Communication, Visual Impairment

You Can Say That Again! Echolalia in Visually Impaired Children

Learn why children who are visually impaired repeat back what they hear, and how parents can help minimize repetition in a constructive way.

A group of four yellow labs

Orientation and Mobility, Visual Impairment

Guide Dogs of America

Guide Dogs of America is dedicated to its mission to provide guide dogs and instruction in their use, free of charge, to blind and visually impaired men and women

Adapting Signs app icon and menu

Communication, iPad Apps and Accessibility

Adapting Signs App for Children with Vision Impairment

This app gives tips on how to adapt signs for blind children including videos and written information. It also allows you to create your own dictionary of signs.

a little girl in her assistive rolling chairs for kids

Orientation and Mobility

ZipZac Mobility Chairs

The ZipZac 1 & 2® are great mobility chairs for kids who need assistance. The chair was originally developed for a young boy with spina bifida who could move his...

blind student walking at school

Orientation and Mobility, Visual Impairment

Hand Use While Walking: Helping Your Child Who is Blind Understand His Home

Certified Orientation and Mobility instructor Susan Shier Lowry gives tips on how to encourage young blind children to reach out and touch while walking through familiar environments. Trailing techniques are...

Eric using an anticipator

Orientation and Mobility, Visual Impairment

Anticipators for Young Children with Visual Impairments: Push Toys, Pre-Canes and Long Canes

Early Orientation and Mobility skills for blind children can be taught with pre-canes or push toys. Learn how to choose the best tools and when to introduce them.

DIY stay put play spaces

Fine and Gross Motor, Sensory Activities

Hold Everything: “Stay-Put” Play Spaces for Infants and Young Children with Sensory Impairments and Other Special Needs

This guide provides you with DIY Stay-Put play spaces for infants and developmentally young children with sensory impairments and other special needs.

Smart Cane recongizing owner's faces

Assistive Technology, Orientation and Mobility

Smart Cane Recognizes Faces

The XploR cane uses smartphone technology to send vibrations to the user when it detects a familiar face.

Ivan using an EazyHold with a mixing spoon

Feeding and Eating, Fine and Gross Motor, Product Reviews

EazyHold: Grip Assist Strap

EazyHold is a simple grip assist strap that easily attaches to objects enabling kids with limited grip strength to accomplish daily living skills.

Example of the Headpod being used

Fine and Gross Motor

Headpod keeps your head up!

Headpod keeps your head up! Revolutionary dynamic patented head support system for inadequate head control due to hypotonia of the neck muscles.

Daniel Kish in a collared shirt holding a cane against a blue background

Orientation and Mobility

Learning to Navigate through Echolocation

Daniel Kish demonstrates his controversial echolocation technique that allows those who are blind to navigate using sonar in this TedX talk.